Mass urbanisation is a phenomenon that is occurring with increasing frequency around the world.
The construction of buildings and roads in rural or natural areas has a major impact on the environment, and one of the most important aspects is the effect on soil health.
Urbanisation involves the destruction of natural vegetation cover, as trees are felled and grasses and shrubs are cleared to make way for construction. Vegetation is essential for maintaining soil moisture and fertility, and its loss can have serious consequences for the ecosystem. In addition, urbanisation can also lead to soil erosion due to the removal of roots and exposure to wind and rain.
Another problem related to urbanisation is soil compaction. The construction of buildings and roads involves the removal of topsoil and the compaction of lower layers. This can hinder the infiltration of water into the soil, which can lead to drainage and erosion problems. In addition, soil compaction can also negatively affect soil microbial life, which can affect soil fertility.
Urbanisation can also have a negative impact on biodiversity, as natural habitats are eliminated and remaining green areas are fragmented. This can make it difficult for many plant and animal species to survive, and can also negatively affect soil health.
Urbanisation in Europe has experienced a large increase in the last ten decades. According to Eurostat data, the percentage of the population living in urban areas in Europe increased from 72% in 1990 to 79% in 2019. This has led to increased pressure on land, as more land is required for housing, infrastructure and services.
In Europe, the main consequences of urbanisation on soil health are soil quality degradation, biodiversity loss, ecosystem degradation, loss of soil function and soil erosion. Many European cities have seen large tracts of rural land lost to urban sprawl, leading to significant loss of biodiversity and degradation of natural ecosystems.
In addition, urbanisation has led to increased soil sealing, which has hindered water infiltration into the soil and increased soil erosion. The construction of buildings and roads has also compacted the soil, making it difficult for plants to grow and negatively affecting soil microbial life.
In recent years, soil conservation has become increasingly important and measures have been implemented to mitigate the negative effects of urbanisation on soil health. Many European cities have adopted sustainable and environmentally friendly approaches to urban planning, and work has been done to minimise the negative effects of urbanisation on soil. However, much remains to be done to ensure that urbanisation in Europe is sustainable and environmentally sound.
In conclusion, massive urbanisation has a major impact on soil health, and it is important to consider these negative effects when planning and developing urbanisation projects. It is necessary to promote a sustainable and environmentally friendly approach and work to minimise the negative effects of urbanisation on the soil. Through education and awareness-raising, we hope to promote more sustainable urban development that preserves the health of the soil and the environment in general.
Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *
Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.
Suggested text: Our website address is: http://novasoil-project.eu.
Suggested text: When visitors leave comments on the site we collect the data shown in the comments form, and also the visitor’s IP address and browser user agent string to help spam detection.
Suggested text: If you upload images to the website, you should avoid uploading images with embedded location data (EXIF GPS) included. Visitors to the website can download and extract any location data from images on the website.
Suggested text: If you leave a comment on our site you may opt-in to saving your name, email address and website in cookies. These are for your convenience so that you do not have to fill in your details again when you leave another comment. These cookies will last for one year.
If you visit our login page, we will set a temporary cookie to determine if your browser accepts cookies. This cookie contains no personal data and is discarded when you close your browser.
When you log in, we will also set up several cookies to save your login information and your screen display choices. Login cookies last for two days, and screen options cookies last for a year. If you select "Remember Me", your login will persist for two weeks. If you log out of your account, the login cookies will be removed.
If you edit or publish an article, an additional cookie will be saved in your browser. This cookie includes no personal data and simply indicates the post ID of the article you just edited. It expires after 1 day.
Suggested text: Articles on this site may include embedded content (e.g. videos, images, articles, etc.). Embedded content from other websites behaves in the exact same way as if the visitor has visited the other website.
Suggested text: If you request a password reset, your IP address will be included in the reset email.
Suggested text: If you leave a comment, the comment and its metadata are retained indefinitely. This is so we can recognize and approve any follow-up comments automatically instead of holding them in a moderation queue.
For users that register on our website (if any), we also store the personal information they provide in their user profile. All users can see, edit, or delete their personal information at any time (except they cannot change their username). Website administrators can also see and edit that information.
Suggested text: If you have an account on this site, or have left comments, you can request to receive an exported file of the personal data we hold about you, including any data you have provided to us. You can also request that we erase any personal data we hold about you. This does not include any data we are obliged to keep for administrative, legal, or security purposes.
Suggested text: Visitor comments may be checked through an automated spam detection service.
Lost your password?